During the IV annual meeting which was held in Bishkek, the leaders of SCO discussed current situation on drug addiction and its illegal trafficking. Issues regarding the possible withdrawal of NATO troops from Afghanistan in 2015, and an expansion of puppy acreages which increased from 131,000 and up to 154,000 hectares in the last year, indexing an 18% increase in heroine production as well as engaging eight new Afghani provinces into the business, were also raised.
The President of the World League 'Mind Free of Drugs' Jenishbek Nazaraliev comments:
Today, 20 out of 32 provinces, are engaged in puppy production. Major part of them boarding with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. There is nothing to be surprised about but during the UN operation called the "Unbreakable Freedom", which started in 2001, the amount of drugs supplied had increased by 40 times. Today, there is a shortage in land for puppy production which is the main business for Afghani population. Besides, recently what have many been suspecting were proven right- that the American Secret Forces were paying millions of dollars to the National Security Agency of Afghanistan using Khamid Karzai - the President of Afghanistan, counting on his help in the fight against extremist groups of "Al-Kaida" and Taliban movement. No doubt, terrorist groups play an important role in drug production. However, the CIA was defeated and has not attained its goals.
From here, we may conclude that the aggression from Afghanistan tend to raise proving the increase in drug production and supply. Along the way, the risk of attacks from extremists especially among poor populations in neighboring regions and countries of Central Asia also raises.
During the SCO meeting, the countries of Central Asia, Russia and European Union were considered to be the major governments, falling within high risk group of narcotization. Generally speaking, the Afghani focus falls on 100 countries which have permanent representation in the UN organization.
In this regards, the participants of the summit, have emphasized that the latest announcements of the UN regarding the ineffective fight against drug trafficking serve as argument in favor of drug legalization. Nevertheless, all came into conclusion that legalization is not a salvation for the given problem, as well as police activities are not efficient in stopping drug trafficking and decreasing extremism. In this regards, the more effective will be socially-oriented, economical improvements and opportunities in Afghanistan and Central Asian countries which are also the members of SCO.
The leaders of Drug Control Agencies admitted that harsh economic situation forces Afghani population to grow puppies serving the interests of the world narco cartels and extremists' organizations. Thus, the country turns into a planetary drug farm. Similar situation occurs with population of Central Asian countries which practice the transition of drug trafficking internally. Obviously, if not improving social and economic life of these regions, the amounts of produced and trafficked drugs will only increase and the fight against it will be useless.
The liquidation of Afghan heroin production must be replaced by working places in Afghanistan and in neighboring regions and countries. It will help people to reject growing and trafficking drugs and will loosen extremists' organizations. Russian Federation have already suggested to form a corporation of cooperation among Central Asian countries. The objectives of the cooperation will be the improvement of economic infrastructure and social situation in Afghanistan and transit countries: Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan etc.. If such initiative will receive support by the SCO member countries, than the project may already be started this year.
In order to release economic and political pressure in Afghanistan and its neighbors, the leader of the Federal Drug Control Agency of Russia, Mr. Ivanov, suggests to invest 2 billion rubles in projecting and building the Hydro Electro Station, the poultry farms, and factories on assembling of high technological products. In major areas of Central Asia, the issue of electrification is still critical, and the energy theme is even more acute. All these slows down the economic progress. In general, the industrialization economically is not able to recruit local population, which could provide local population with working places, and help to make the fight against illegal drug trafficking more efficient.
Undoubtedly, the idea of Russian Drug Control Agency is well worth. However, 2 billion rubles will not be enough for a complete modernization of economic infrastructure in the countries of Central Asia. With this amount of funding, the project can only be considered as a "pilot" and its result can be evaluated a year after launch. Therefore, the governments of neighboring regions, must provide an assistance in : the reducing of corruption, erasing administrative barriers, and creating a favorable conditions for investments from other governments, the governments which are interested in new heights of economical growths, located in Central Asia.
I brought up similar suggestions back in 2009, when i ran for presidential elections in the Kyrgyz Republic. I suggested the formation of the Eurasian Investment Bank based on member countries of SCO. It would have allowed to realize large scale investment projects under the international control and observation.
the investment programs would not be limited by the interests of a single country. We would have had an opportunity to polish economical and social aspects of different governments. I'm confident that only investments could offer an alternative development plan for Central Asian countries. The region would have an opportunity to realize its economic potential. In Kyrgyzstan, the energy issue is better of comparing to Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The country has exporting potential which gives hopes for creation of factories for assembling high technological products and the opportunity for a general re- industrialization. The efficient use of water resources in Kyrgyzstan will help Tajikistan and Afghanistan, major parts of which do not have electrification. In my opinion, the strategic objective of SCO, must be based on the approach only towards the entire Central Asian Region. Only by doing so, it will be possible to consolidate the powers of the global society in eliminating serious threats which come from Afghanistan. The sum of 2 billion dollars which initially planned to be funded by the Russian Federation, must be increased by local governments and other leading world countries.
Central Asia Countries have a great history of being a trade knot between Europe and China. Our countries have great future potential in this regards, thus I suggest international society to consider Central Asia from the point of great perspectives.
In order to research positive experiences of fight against drug addiction and its illegal trade, I have visited more than 45 world countries, five continents. I met with politicians, law enforcement representatives, medical workers, drug dealers and drug addicts. I came to a sad conclusion: the problem of drug pandemic is critical almost in every part of out planet. In some countries it turned into a national threat. Therefore, the initiative which was suggested by the Russian Drug Control Agency's Leader Mr. Ivanov, during the SCO Summit, I consider to be very progressive and innovative in terms of the fight against drug production and its illicit trade, especially in the Eurasian territory.